Sample Questions from the Redesigned SAT
The announcement of the redesigned SAT came earlier this spring, and included major changes, like no more required essay and the elimination of the penalty for wrong answers. The College Board also said that major changes would come to the content of the test itself, including getting rid of crazy SAT vocabulary words, providing more evidence-based reading, and aligning math more with the Common Core curriculum.
These announcements left many wondering what the new test and its content would look like and what this means for test prep going forward. Now, we have a better idea with some of the new sample questions. The College Board stressed, however, that these sample questions are just that: samples. As more research and pretesting is conducted, these questions are expected to evolve.
The College Board released sample questions for each of the new focus areas in the reading and writing, math, and essay sections:
Below are some of the sample questions:
Math – Heart of Algebra
When a scientist dives in salt water to a depth of 9 feet below the surface, the pressure due to the atmosphere and surrounding water is 18.7 pounds per square inch. As the scientist descends, the pressure increases linearly. At a depth of 14 feet, the pressure is 20.9 pounds per square inch. If the pressure increases at a constant rate as the scientist’s depth below the surface increases, which of the following linear models best describes the pressure p in pounds per square inch at a depth of d feet below the surface?
A) p = 0.44d+ 0.77
B) p= 0.44d+ 14.74
C) p= 2.2d– 1.1
D) p= 2.2d– 9.9
Working with linear functions to model phenomena has high relevance for postsecondary study and is a core aspect of a rigorous high school curriculum. Understanding that the pressure increases 2.2 pounds per square inch every 5 feet deeper the scientist dives, and being able to cast this fact into the language of algebra, will steer students to the correct answer.
Math – Passport to Advanced Math
x2 + y2 = 153
y = –4x
If (x,y) is a solution to the system of equations above, what is the value of x2?
In this question, students are asked to analyze a system of nonlinear equations, making use of structure where appropriate.
Reading – Relevant Words in Context
“[. . .] The coming decades will likely see more intense clustering of jobs, innovation, and productivity in a smaller number of bigger cities and city-regions. Some regions could end up bloated beyond the capacity of their infrastructure, while others struggle, their promise stymied by inadequate human or other resources.”
As used in line 55, “intense” most nearly means
This question asks students to analyze how the word “intense” is used in context. While students may frequently use the word “intense” to describe personalities or emotions, the context of this sentence requires students to recognize that “intense” can also mean “concentrated.”
Reading – Analysis in Science and History/Social Studies
Which claim about traffic congestion is supported by the graph?
A) New York City commuters spend less time annually delayed by traffic congestion than the average for very large cities.
B) Los Angeles commuters are delayed more hours annually by traffic congestion than are commuters in Washington, D.C.
C) Commuters in Washington, D.C., face greater delays annually due to traffic congestion than do commuters in New York City.
D) Commuters in Detroit spend more time delayed annually by traffic congestion than do commuters in Houston, Atlanta, and Chicago.
The best answer here is choice C, as the only one of the four claims supported by the graph is that automobile commuters in Washington, D.C., face greater delays annually than do automobile commuters in New York City. Higher bars on the graph represent longer annual commute delays than do lower bars; moreover, the number of hours of annual commute delay generally decreases as one moves from left to right on the graph.
Other changes to the SAT that were outlined in The College Board’s release:
Scoring – What’s new: Subsocring and scores within the subscore
It was previously announced that the SAT would return to its former 1600 point scale. Now the SAT score report will include:
Composite score (the sum of two area scores: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math.)
Essay score will be reported separately and will not factor into composite
Area (domain) scores
Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (Reading Test score and the Writing and Language Test score)
Essay will be reported separately.
Test scores, (each on a scale ranging from 10 to 40):
Reading Test score
Writing and Language Test score
Math Test score
The fourth test, the Essay, will be reported separately.
Analysis in History/Social Studies
Analysis in Science
Each of these scores will be reported on a scale ranging from 10 to 40.
Reading, Writing and Language
Reading and Writing and Language Tests will contribute questions to two subscores:
Command of Evidence
Relevant Words in Context
The Writing and Language Test will also report two additional subscores:
Expression of Ideas
Standard English Conventions
Math Test will report three subscores:
Heart of Algebra
Problem Solving and Data Analysis
Passport to Advanced Math
In total, pending the results of research, the redesigned sat will report seven subscores, each on a scale ranging from 1 to 15.
Analyzing charts and graphs in both Reading and Math sections
Writing and Language Test shares with the Reading Test an emphasis on informational graphics.
The inclusion of chart and graph analysis is very similar to the science reasoning on the ACT, except on the SAT it will be included in both reading and math sections.
Essay is now optional and analyzes a source text
Students will not be asked to form their own opinions as a response, but rather explain how the argument within the passage is constructed using examples from the passage itself.
What do you think of these sample questions? How do you think you would do on the new SAT? Take Washington Post’s interactive quiz using the new sample problems to find out!